All black women at a point in their lives have to deal with dark spots, skin discoloration and uneven skin tones. Only a few women are exempt and we can say they are the lucky few. These dark spots also called hyperpigmentation. While dark spots can appear anywhere on the body, dark spots on the face are generally the greatest cause of embarrassment and can make women lose confidence in themselves. Understanding the cause and learning how to eliminate them can go a long way in treating dark spots.
Causes of Dark Spots among Black Women
There are many factors that contribute to the appearance of dark spots on the faces of black women. When skin is irritated it produces excess melanin at the area of irritation. It is this excess melanin that shows itself as dark spots and discoloration. Some of the main causes of dark spots on the face, especially for black women are:
Acne: this skin condition affects women of all ages and frequently leaves dark spots behind.
Allergic reaction to cosmetics, food etc
Cuts and bruises
Sadly in many cases it takes months and sometimes years for these spots to disappear or fade until they are no longer easily seen. For some black women, the dark spots never go away – at least not by themselves.
How to Minimize Appearance of Dark Spots
There are many ways that black women can try to deal with dark spots on their faces. The best way is to use products made specifically for that purpose. Some companies make products for black skin that can work for spots.
Look for products that contain hydroquinone, benzoyl peroxide, kolic acid, hydroxyl acids, and glycolic acids. These ingredients have been proven to help discoloration to fade. Ideally, a dermatologist is the best choice for help in dealing with dark spots on face.
Products containing hydroxyl acid helps old skin to shed resulting in quicker turn-over of new skin cells. New skin cells would be lighter thus minimizing the look of darker areas.
Sunlight can and does contribute to dark spots, so using a good sunscreen is always recommended. Even for black women, a sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher is recommended. The sun is not a friend of dark spots, so protecting the skin against being burnt is always important.
Other treatment for dark spots and blemishes on the face include microdermabrasion or other forms of chemical facial peels. These procedures remove old skin that is on the surface of the face leaving behind fresh new skin.
Do not pick at scars left by acne or blemishes as this will only make dark spots worse.
Quick fixes include using makeup to conceal the spots, but this should not become the solution of choice. In fact, using too much makeup or worse yet, not removing it properly can aggravate the condition.
If the dark spots are really bad, a visit to the dermatologist is in order. The dermatologist will prescribe a course of treatment which may include a topical cream to apply directly to the spots.